Paleolithic era was the dawn of art and technology. Technology played a key role in art in the Paleolithic era. The questions we must ask ourselves is “What technology was used?”, and “What art was created?”
Tools & CarvingsEdit
In the early period of Paleolithic history, humans created crude tools out of stone. The tools created were used in carving items, and used in every day utility. As humans progressed, they were able to create refined carving tools and cutting tools by chipping flakes of stone away from stone. During the end of the period, the Paleolithic humans created crude chopping tools and hand axes. The tools created were then used to create crude carvings of figures such as the Woman of Willendorf, and the Woman of Lespugue (Preble, 2004 pg 255).
Paintings & MaterialsEdit
Carvings were not the only art created. Humans also created the first paintings. The paintings were basic at first, but later on humans produced higher detailed drawings. An example of a basic cave painting is in Las Manos Cave in Argentina. The Las Manos Caves paintings consisted of hands and deers. On the other hand, the Lascaux Cave has detailed drawings compared to Las Manos Caves. Lascaux Cave art contains what we now know as the Great Hall of Bulls. Each cave was painted in a different manner, but consisted of the same type of pigments (Preble, 2004 pg. 256).
The Las Manos Cave paintings were created mostly with the hands and mouths of the artist. The humans either smudged the drawings on, or they blew the pigment through their mouth. The basic pigments used were earthen pigments. Charcoal was also used in some of the paintings. Lascaux Cave was created in the same manner, but with a more refined technique and accuracy (Preble, 2004 pg. 257).
The Paleolithic period created the first pieces of artwork and tools known to man. Even though, the paintings are not as refined as today, they can still be considered art. Tools were not only for utility, but were also used to carve miniature statues.
Preble, D., & Preble, S. (2004). Art forms (7th ed., pp. 255-257). Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education